IPC 420 in English – Section 420 of IPC – Punishment, Bail, and Defense

Friends, Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code is an important section of the Indian Penal Code, which ensures strict legal action in the areas of fraud, cheating, or theft. This section is applied against individuals who attempt to deceive others for the purpose of fraud or cheating. In today’s article, we will discuss IPC 420 in English in detail.

IPC 420 in English
IPC 420 in English

According to Section 420 of the IPC:

Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property: “Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to make, alter or destroy the whole or any part of a valuable security, or anything which is signed or sealed, and which is capable of being converted into a valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.”

So friends, let’s try to understand the legal language above in simple terms.

IPC 420 in English – When is this section applied?

The main objective of Section 420 is to uphold justice and legal process in society, so that crimes like fraud can be reduced and people think multiple times before committing such crimes. This section of the IPC instills confidence in society that the law is strict against such offenses and is prepared to punish offenders.

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Under this section, severe punishment is given to individuals attempting fraud or cheating, or dishonestly inducing someone into a transaction to protect against dishonesty and ensure personal security. This section contributes significantly to prosperity and development by preventing dishonesty and ensuring personal security. Generally, this section is used in cases against economic scams, medical heritage scams, and other criminal activities.

This section proves to be quite beneficial in reducing fraud in society and significantly reduces cases of fraud.


In 2009, the chairman of Satyam Computers, Ramalinga Raju, admitted that he had manipulated the company’s financial statements for several years to show more profits than actually earned by the company. Such manipulation was done to attract investments and keep stock prices high.

It is estimated that this scam was worth about $2.3 billion, and as a result, Raju and several others were arrested under IPC 420 for fraud and manipulation of accounts. The case was heard, and in 2015, Raju and other accused were found guilty and sentenced to 7 years in prison.

Applicable Offenses:

Under Section 420, if a person conspires to cheat, or attempts any kind of fraud, they may face imprisonment or a fine of up to seven years.

Furthermore, if there are serious grounds for determining the sentence, the punishment may be even more severe. The determination of punishment under this section involves the use of special rights in legal proceedings, sub-judiciary, and other legal provisions. This section is an important tool for taking strict legal action against economic crimes and ensuring personal security.

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Bail Process under Section 420:

The process of obtaining bail under IPC 420 is determined by the expression of judicial process. If a person is accused under this section and wants to be released on bail, they must follow the judicial process correctly.

Usually, the accused appears in court with their lawyer and files for bail. To demand bail, the accused must submit various documents to promote their innocence and caution, so that the judicial officer or magistrate can consider it.

The bail process pays full attention to the rules and sections of the judicial process, and until all of this is completed, the accused is not granted bail. In this process, full attention is paid to judicial and legal parameters so that a decision can be made in the stipulated time and a judicial decision can be made.

How to Get Bail?

To get bail under Section 420, the accused person should hire a good lawyer because this is a non-bailable offense and is categorized as a cognizable crime. Therefore, a good lawyer will be needed.

In this case, the accused person should gather evidence of their innocence and carefully read the complaint, as there may be some loopholes in the complaint that can be presented to the court during bail proceedings.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Answer: Under Section 420, the guilty person can face imprisonment for up to 7 years and also a fine.

Answer:- You can get more information about IPC 420 by contacting the local legal body or legal advisor. It is always advisable to seek expert advice.

Friends, IPC 420 is a very effective section implemented by the government. It greatly benefits the country in reducing fraud in society. Any individual found guilty under this section can be sentenced to seven years in prison. If you liked our article, please leave a comment.

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